Tobacco kills millions people every year. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) is the first treaty negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organization, this Convention and its protocols is to protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke by providing a framework for tobacco control measures to be implemented by the Parties at the national, regional and international levels in order to reduce continually and substantially the prevalence of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke.
Similarly, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) tries to preserve the health of our planet, not only tobacco but also fossil fuel industry that’s why he UNFCCC establishes rules and guidelines to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and keep temperature increase to safe limits.
Ever since the Industrial Revolution took off in the 18th century, vast quantities of fossil fuels have been used to power the economy and deliver unprecedented affluence to huge numbers of people. As we all know, fossil fuels are organic matter made from the remains of flora and fauna subjected to immense pressure and heat deep within the Earth over millions of years. Petroleum, coal, and natural gas are major fossil fuels.
Fossil fuels, such as oil, coal, and natural gas, natural energy, such as hydropower and solar power, and nuclear power are collectively referred to as primary energy. World consumption of primary energy greatly increased from 3.8 billion tonnes of oil equivalent in 1965 to 11.1 billion tonnes of oil equivalent in 2007.
On other hand, the fossil fuel industry interacts with policy makers at national or regional level to influence climate legislation due to its greenhouse gases generated.
The Earth maintains a constant ambient temperature by releasing the heat from its surface (infrared ray) through the atmosphere into space. However, as a result fossil fuel industrialization, if heat-absorbing gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O) and chlorofluorcarbons (CFCs), continue to increase, it is widely thought that the temperature in the atmosphere will rise, causing a greenhouse effect. Global warming is a focus of great concern because of its potentially huge adverse impact on humankind and the environment, including the disruption of ecosystems and inundation of coastal areas because of rising sea levels. A significant amount of this atmospheric carbon wassequestered or (removed from the atmosphere) and turned into inert material (coal, and oil) typically 300-360 Million years ago. All of the global ecosystems and species have adapted to a lower level of atmospheric CO2 and critically, human civilisation has also grown since that period.
This increase of atmospheric CO2 and other gasses has the effect of changing the global climate back towards the point when they were originally sequestered including the contributing to the formation of smog and acid rain. This climate was characterised by higher average global temperatures and higher sea levels. Furthermore, the rapidity of the change (about 200 years) is having additional impacts. This period of time is extremely short in context of the global climate and is not much more than a single generation for some long lived species leaving them very little time to adapt.
That’s why I argue that fossil fuel industry should be banned from climate change negotiations.